The survey has been As part of its mission to strengthen community resilience against violent extremism, ALPS has partnered with local organisations in both Tanzania and Mozambique to conduct an assessment of the levels of community resilience in Chiure, Mecufi, Montepuez and Pemba Districts of Cabo Delgado, Mozambique and Kibaha District of Pwani, Tanzania.
In mid-2018, ALPS Resilience began to build relationships with partners and established on-the-ground networks in both countries in order to facilitate the successful and safe implementation of the risk assessment. Survey questions from the Cape Town pilot were adapted to Tanzanian and Mozambican contexts and two survey teams were recruited and trained to roll out the survey in 2019.
The ultimate goal of the assessment is to help national government, national research institutes and local civil society organisations better understand what makes communities resilient to violence and, therefore, develop effective and meaningful policies and programmes to addresses gaps or vulnerabilities in community resilience.
Surveying Resilience and Mapping At-Risk Communities
In the first half of 2018, ALPS Resilience designed and implemented a pilot survey assessing resilience to violent extremism among youth in Cape Town, South Africa. In 2018, ALPS began to roll out the survey in two vulnerable regions of Southern Africa: Pwani, Tanzania and Cabo Delgado, Mozambique. Community entry and partner relationship-building activities took place in the second half of 2018 and fieldwork is underway in both countries at the beginning of 2019.
Recent extremist-motivated attacks in Cabo Delgado, Mozambique and Pwani, Tanzania have created an environment of fear and uncertainty in communities. There is a growing concern that these violent incidents could hinder development efforts in the region. While the specific motivations of these attacks are unknown, it has been determined that the attacks have been carried out by young men who are believed to be part of a group known both as al Shabaab and al Sunnah.